Adolescents have special sexual and reproductive health needs whether or not they are sexually active or married. Our review findings suggest that sexual and reproductive health education, counseling, and contraceptive provision are effective in increasing sexual knowledge, contraceptive use, and decreasing adolescent pregnancy. There was limited and inconclusive evidence for the effectiveness of interventions to prevent intimate partner violence. Further studies with rigorous designs, longer term follow-up, and standardized and validated measurement instruments are required to maximize comparability of results.
Many Young People Engage in Sexual Risk Behaviors
Teens and sex: Protecting your teen's sexual health
Before you decide to have sex or if you are already having sex, you need to know how to stay healthy. Even if you think you know everything you need to know about sex, take a few minutes and read on. Your doctor wants to make sure you know the facts. Sex can change your life and relationships.
Are You Ready for Sex?
Many young people engage in sexual risk behaviors and experiences that can result in unintended health outcomes. Sexual risk behaviors place youth at risk for HIV infection , other sexually transmitted diseases STDs , and unintended pregnancy :. Half of the 20 million new STDs reported each year were among young people aged 15 to 24 3.
In recent years, there has been a reduction in rates of teen pregnancy, births, and abortions. Similarly there has been a drop off in the share of adolescents engaging in sexual activity. Despite this shift, recent data indicate that the rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections STIs among teens and young adults remain higher in the U. This fact sheet provides key data on sexual activity, contraceptive use, pregnancy, prevalence of STIs, and access to reproductive health services among teenagers and young adults in the U. Ryan, S. Shafii T. Association between condom use at sexual debut and subsequent sexual trajectories: A longitudinal study using biomarkers. AJPH , 97 6.